How Can Physiotherapy Help with Osteoporosis?

Here at Susan Quin Physiotherapy, I can help you with Osteoporosis. Physiotherapy treatment helps strengthen your bones and prevent bone thinning with weight bearing and strengthening exercises.


Physiotherapy treatment for osteoporosis includes:

  • Exercises to strengthen muscles to protect bones and to stimulate bone growth
  • Physiotherapy helps you to reduce falls by improving your balance  
  • Physiotherapists advise on fall prevention (eyesight, footwear, mats, lighting)
  • Physiotherapy treatment helps you to manage your pain as a result of a fall or fracture
  • After a fracture, physiotherapy will help to improve movement and function
  • A physiotherapist will work with you to find activities that suit your needs to improve your posture, flexibility, balance and strength.

What is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is the most common bone disease in the world. The bones become less dense, lose strength, and are more prone to break (fracture). Osteoporosis means bones (osteo) with holes (porosis).

Osteopenia is when the bones have a low bone mass or low bone density, but not to the same degree as Osteoporosis. Osteopenia means bones (osteo) are lacking (penia). Osteoporosis can occur in women, men, children and athletes.

One in four men over the age of fifty will break a bone because of osteoporosis. In Ireland seven out of ten hip fractures happen to women due to osteoporosis.

How do bones grow?

Bones are a living tissue and renew throughout your life.

Your peak bone density is reached in your early twenties. This is when your bones are the strongest.

However bone continues to grow in strength up until your mid-thirties. After this, it is natural to lose a small amount of bone each year. This is accelerated in women after the menopause when the protective effect of oestrogen is lost. 

The early teenage years of your life are the most important time for bone health development. Exercise and diet are very important to develop strong bones.

Bone density is determined by your genetics (60-80%), mechanical issues (weight bearing exercise), nutrition (calcium, vitamin D, and how it is absorbed), and your endocrine system (hormones like oestrogen).

Bone density is measured by a DXA Scan.

Tips to maintain good bone health and to prevent osteoporosis

Weight–bearing exercises e.g. hop, skip, jump, run, walk, dance to increase bone growth

Physiotherapy strengthening exercises to protect your bones and joints

Physiotherapy exercises to improve your balance and prevent falls

Nutrition plays a major role in ensuring healthy bones. Calcium and Vitamin D need to be taken in the right amounts through life to build bone and slow down bone loss. Eating a healthy balanced diet, with enough calories, will help to improve your overall bone health.

Check your Calcium intake here  

Medication and Calcium and Vitamin D Supplements help maintain bone strength and minimise bone loss.

Risk factors for osteopenia / osteoporosis

  • Advanced age
  • Female
  • Family history of osteoporosis
  • Smoking
  • Decreased physical activity or exercise
  • Excessive exercise
  • Eating disorders/malnutrition
  • Low calcium in diet
  • Low BMI
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of height
  • High alcohol consumption
  • Steroid therapy
  • Low vitamin D due to decreased exposure to the sun
  • Late menarche/ early menopause
  • Smoking

Useful Links and Resources



Opening Hours

Monday: 9am-5pm
Tuesday: 9am-5pm
Wednesday: 9am-5pm
Thursday: 9am-5pm
Friday: 9am-5pm
Saturday-Sunday: Closed

Contact Me

Susan Quin Physiotherapy provides Home Visits for Personalised Physiotherapy Assessment and Treatment in the Raheny, Clontarf, Killester, Artane, Fairview, Donaghmede, Clongriffin, Malahide, Portmarnock, Baldoyle, Sutton and Howth areas.

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